Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted by The Consortium of National Law Universities(NLUs). The Consortium of NLUs has its headquarters at Bangalore. The exam was previously conducted by an NLU each year and the decision of conducting the examination by a consortium was taken after multiple issues cropped up year after year in the CLAT examination.

CLAT is a national level entrance exam which offers admission to students in undergraduate and postgraduate law courses in the National law universities of India. It is the top entrance exam for law aspirants in India and is held once in a year. There are a total of 22 NLUs in India and apart from the NLUs many other colleges also accept the scores of the CLAT examination.

CLAT | Examination Sections

The CLAT Examination is slowly becoming a popular examination among the XII standard students. Not only commerce and humanities but also a lot of science stream students appear for the CLAT examination every year. The number of students taking the CLAT examination has risen from 13,000 in 2010 to 60,000 in 2020. This popularity of the CLAT examination is also due to the increase in the number of NLU’s in India and also the placements of the Top NLUs in India, which is at par with that if the IITs.

The CLAT exam is conducted in an online mode. The exam pattern for the CLAT exam has been changed from 2020 onwards. The new pattern introduced will have objective type questions. All the questions are in multiple-choice question (MCQ) types. Students will be given a total time of 120 minutes to attempt the entire question paper.

The CLAT question paper is divided into 5 sections. The sections are English, General Knowledge, Numerical ability, Legal Aptitude, and Logical Reasoning. There are a total of 150 questions. There is no separate division of timing for each section. The language medium of the examination is English and there is negative marking for every wrong answer marked by the student.

CLAT | Examination Pattern

The CLAT exam pattern has been revised from 2020 onwards. It is very important for the students to know the new pattern of the CLAT examination as published by the Consortium of the National Law Universities. The new pattern will have a total of 150 questions. All the questions are MCQ and objective type questions. This means for every question, students will get 4 options out of which only one option contains the right answer. You will have to select the correct answer option. There is a penalty of -0.25 marks for every wrong answered question. Each question carries 1 mark. So for every right answer candidates get a +1 mark.

Mode of ExamOnline
Number of Sections5
Total Questions150
Total Time120 minutes
Type of QuestionsMCQ
Correct Answers1 mark each correct answer.
Negative Marks- 0.25 for each wrong answer.

The CLAT examination lays a lot of importance to reading and comprehending which is an important skill for any lawyer. Hence most of the questions in the CLAT examination is based on reading and comprehending. The weightage for Legal Reasoning and General Knowledge is the highest and Mathematics has a very low weightage in the CLAT examination.

The exam is a computer-based online test. The candidates will be given 120 minutes to attempt all the questions. There are 5 sections in the question paper. The English section has 28 – 32 questions. There are 35 – 39 questions that are asked from the General knowledge section. There are 13 – 17 questions of Numerical ability. The legal aptitude section will have 35 – 39 questions and approximately 28 – 32 questions are asked from the Logical reasoning section. The section-wise distribution of questions in the CLAT exam is as follows.

SectionNumber of Questions
General Knowledge35-39
Numerical Ability13-17
Legal Aptitude35-39
Logical Reasoning28-32

CLAT | Results announcement

Results are declared after the successful completion of entrance tests for all candidates within the stipulated time.  The results are declared online on the official website of the exam. The CLAT exam results are in the form of a scorecard containing scores of each section and overall total marks scored in the test. The scorecard also indicates the All India Rank and category rank in the CLAT test. Based on the ranks, the admission to courses at a particular NLU campus is carried out. The better the rank the more chances of getting into the best campus. For getting somewhere between 1 – 200 rank in the CLAT candidates must score more than 105-115 marks out of 150 in the test.

The candidates’ scorecard contains the following details:

It is recommended to print out the scorecard as it will be required at the time of counseling for admission. After the declaration of scores and ranks of the candidates, the Consortium of NLUs releases the cut off ranks for different campuses of NLUs.

The allotment of the seats is based on the preference of the candidates where a higher ranking candidate gets the first preference of choosing a college. There is also a domicile criterion in the CLAT college counseling and a student from a particular state can take advantage of the domicile seats in the NLU of his domicile state.

While allotting ranks according to the scores of the candidates in the CLAT exam, two or more candidates may have the same scores. No two candidates can have the same rank. So to break the ties, there are certain tie-breaker rules set by the conducting authority. The tiebreaker guidelines of the CLAT exam are as follows.

 How to check the CLAT exam results online?

The results are released online on the Consortium of NLUs’ official website. Students have to log in using login details to check the scores and the rank allotted to them. A step by step guide is given to check your CLAT results online.

Candidates may follow the steps below to review their CLAT 2020 result and download the scorecard as well from:

Step 1: To visit CLAT Consortium’s official website

Step 2: Click on the Results link of CLAT

Step 3: Enter the required login details i.e. registration/ application number and birthdate

Step 4: Click the Send button

Step 5: Go to the registered account’s ‘Score Card’ tab and click there

Step 6: Check rank, score and qualification status for CLAT

Step 7: Print the result sheet and your CLAT scorecard

CLAT | Cut-off

The cutoff for CLAT is released after the declaration of scores and ranks by the conducting authority. There is only an overall cut-off for the CLAT examination and there is no sectional cut-off. This makes it easy for the students to pick their favorite section and score high. The cut-off for different NLU campuses is different. The cut off for any National Law University depends on the following factors.

Once the cut-off is declared, the student will go through the counseling process, where he gets to choose his preferred NLU based on the category and domicile ranks and the preference indicated at the time of filling up the CLAT application form.

The cut-off marks for top NLU’s are as follows

NLSIU Bangalore58665958
NALSAR Hyderabad129137130123
NLIU Bhopal376390469339
WBNUJS Kolkata227260213221
NLU Jodhpur354376343347
HNLU Raipur638657576555
GNLU Gandhinagar468494457465
CNLU Patna1098118690991

Other colleges accepting CLAT exam scores

Apart from the 22 National Law universities, there are many other Law Schools that accept the CLAT scores for admission to UG and PG courses. But NLU Delhi does not accept CLAT scores as they have their admission process through the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET). The other colleges apart from NLU that consider CLAT marks for admission are as follows.

CLAT Registration | How to Apply?

Candidates who wish to appear for the CLAT exam must first register themselves for the examination. The registration process is followed by the submission of the online application form. The step by step process to fill and submit the online application form is as follows:

CLAT Eligibility | Who can Apply?

In both CLAT UG and CLAT PG programs, the Consortium has defined the eligibility requirements specifying the age limit and academic qualification needed to appear for the exam. The CLAT eligibility requirements for UG programs are listed below.

Age Limit: There is no upper age limit for CLAT 2020 as set out in updated regulations.

Academic qualification: in the case of SC / ST students, candidates must have passed 10 + 2 or any equivalent exam with marks of at least 45 percent, 40 percent.

CLAT Examination | Syllabus

NLUs consortium publishes official CLAT Syllabus, and the program does not change. As mentioned on the official website CLAT Syllabus for the UG program is as follows:

The syllabus for UG courses are:


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