JEE – Joint Entrance Examination

Joint Entrance Examination that is JEE is one of the most popular competitive examinations in India. The exam takes place twice in a year – January session and April session. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) to offer admission to qualifying students in the engineering colleges of India. These colleges include the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), National Institute of Technology (NITs), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs) and centrally funded technological institutes. JEE exam has two parts – Main and Advanced. Every year lakhs of students sit for the JEE exam to get admission to India’s top engineering colleges.

IIT JEE | Sections

JEE Main is for a duration of 3 hours. There are 3 sections in the examination consisting of different subjects. The JEE Main B.E/B. Tech paper has 3 sections – Physics, Chemistry, Maths. The B.Arch paper also has 3 sections that are Maths, Aptitude Test, and Drawing Test. A new paper that is B.Planning has been added to the JEE Main 2020 pattern. The question paper for this course will have 3 sections. The sections are Maths, Aptitude Test, and Planning based multiple type questions. Based on the ranking of the JEE Main examination a student can apply to NITs and other centrally funded institutions.

Only those students who qualify the cut off released by the JEE for the Main examination are allowed to sit in the JEE Advanced exam. The Advanced exam is especially for admission to IITs. The JEE Advanced exam has two papers. For each paper, students are allotted 3 hours. Paper – 1 and Paper – 2 consists of 3 sections that are maths, Physics, and Chemistry. All students have to sit in both the papers to qualify for the exam. Both the papers are compulsory.

IIT JEE | Exam Pattern

 JEE Main and Advanced both are computer-based online examination conducted by NTA. The questions asked are multiple-choice questions. This means that for each question there will be 4 options given, out of which only one is correct. Students have to mark the option with the correct answer. There is negative marking for every wrong answer. The marking scheme and the total number of questions is different for Main and Advanced.

JEE Main exam pattern

The JEE Main exam is for 3 hours. It has three papers for three different courses that are B.Tech, B.Arch, and B.Planning. The latter one is added newly in the pattern from the current year of 2020 JEE Main exam.

The B.Tech paper has a total of 75 questions among which 60 questions are multiple-choice questions and 15 questions have numerical value answers (Fill in the blanks). Each of the three sections has 25 questions. There is negative marking for MCQ questions and for every wrong answer one mark is deducted whereas, for every correct answer in the MCQ type and numerical type, four marks are awarded. There is no negative marking in the numerical type questions.

The B.Arch question paper has a total of 77 questions, out of which 25 questions are of maths, 50 questions are asked from aptitude, and 2 questions of Drawing. There 5 numerical value based questions for which there is no negative marking. The other 70 questions are of MCQ type and 2 questions are from Drawing.

The newly introduced paper of B.Planning has 100 questions in total. Maths section has 25 questions, the other 25 questions are asked from planning, and rest 50 questions are of aptitude section. Out of the total questions, 95 are MCQ types and 5 are numerical value-based questions. There is a marking scheme of +4 for every correct answer and -1 for every MCQ type wrong answer.

PaperSubjectsQuestion TypesExamination Mode
B.E./B.Tech.Chemistry, Physics & Mathematics, MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) &
Numerical Value Based Questions.
CBT Only (Computer Based Test)
B. ArchMathematics – Part IMCQs &
Numerical Value Based Questions.
CBT Only
Aptitude Test – Part IIMCQsCBT Only
Drawing Test – Part IIIDrawing Aptitude TestOffline, Paper Based Mode.
(On a drawing sheet)
B. PlanningMathematics – Part IMCQs &
Numerical Value Based Questions.
CBT Only
Aptitude Test – Part IIMCQs CBT Only
Planning Based Questions - Part IIIMCQs CBT Only

JEE Advanced exam pattern

JEE Advanced has two papers, Paper-1 and Paper-2 for 3 hours each. The number of questions in JEE Advanced varies every year. But the marking scheme is followed in the same way. In Paper-1 for every correct answer, +3 marks are awarded whereas +4 is added for one or more correct answers. There is a negative marking of -1 for every incorrect MCQ type answer. The numerical value-based answer question has 3 marks each with no negative marks. Paper – 2 consists of MCQ questions of 4 marks each, numerical value questions of 3 marks, and list matching question of 3 marks each. -1 mark is subtracted for every wrong MCQ answer. There is no provision of negative marking in the list and numerical value questions.

The detailed marking scheme of Paper – 1 and Paper -2  is as follows

SectionTypeQuestionsAll CorrectPartially CorrectIncorrectTotal Marks
1MCQ with four options (more than one could be correct)6+4 only if all answers are chosen.+3 for questions which have 4 options correct but only 3 were chosen.-2 (in all other cases)24
+2 if three or more answers are correct but only two answers were chosen, both of the answers must be right
+1 if two or more answers are right but only one answer is chosen and it must be right.
2Numerical value type questions8+3 for correct options.24
3Paragraph based questions (2 paragraphs, each having 2 MCQ with one correct answer only)4+3 only for correct answers.-1 in all other cases12

IIT JEE | Exam Registration

The registration process for the JEE exam starts with the release of the online application form for JEE Main because to qualify for JEE Advanced one has to pass Main’s cut off. The application process for both January and April sessions is the same.

Note: Candidate must ensure that the payment status on the application form should show “OK”. Unless the status is “OK” please make the second payment. The unsuccessful payment will be refunded to the source.

Those who pass the cut off marks are then requested to register again for the JEE Advanced exam from its official website. Students are asked to log in using their JEE Main application number and password. They will be then directed to select the exam center. Applicants then have to again upload documents like photograph, signature, class 10th and class 12th certificate. A registration fee has to be paid for the final submission of the JEE Advanced exam online registration form.

IIT JEE | Who can apply?

Students who have qualified class 12th examination from a recognized board or university are eligible to apply for the JEE exam. There are other required eligibility criteria that one must qualify to be allowed to write the exam. The common eligibility criteria are:

If a student fails to meet the minimum requirement as decided by the JEE authority, his admission is canceled even if he qualifies the cut off marks.

IIT JEE | Result Announcement

The result for JEE Main B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning are released separately on the official website of JEE Main. You can download the result from NTA will award percentile scores to students and not ranks as before. NTA uses the Normalization Technique to nullify the results of various difficulty levels of the question paper set. JEE Main Result will be compiled for January and April sessions, and the final merit list will be formulated. The higher of the two scores will be considered for the merit list for candidates appearing in both sessions.

To prevent ties, NTA can use percentiles of up to 7 decimal points. Further ties are to be managed, if any, using the following criteria:

JEE Advanced Result will be announced by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi on the official site the JEE Advanced. Students can use their application number and password to check their JEE Advanced results. The result is a scorecard with details of candidate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as well as the overall score in both Papers I and Paper II, Common Rank List (CRL), group and candidate details. Candidates must download their scorecard to enroll in the counseling and admission process after JEE Advanced Result is released. The qualified students are given admission to the IITs if they meet the eligibility criteria.

IIT JEE | Colleges Accepting JEE Scores

Every year approximately 1.2 million students appear in the JEE exam. The top 2 lakh candidates qualify to sit in JEE Advanced. There are a total of 1,101 colleges in India that accept the JEE scores for admission. The top colleges are:

IIT JEE | Examination Syllabus

The questions are asked from Physics (Both XI and XII), Chemistry (Both XI and XII), and Mathematics (Both XI and XII).

JEE syllabus for Physics: Measurement, Laws of Motion, Kinematics,  Work, Power and Energy, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Properties of Solids and Liquids, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Waves, Atoms and Nuclei Electrostatics, Current Electricity, Thermodynamics,  Oscillations,  Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents, Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism, Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation, Electromagnetic Waves, Optics, Electronic Devices and Communication Systems

JEE syllabus for Chemistry: Biomolecules, Chemistry In Everyday Life, Principles Related to Practical Chemistry, Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties, General Principles, and Processes of Isolation of Metals, Hydrogen, Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals), d-and-f Block Elements, P-Block Elements, Coordination Compounds, Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds, Environmental Chemistry, Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry, Organic Compounds Comprising Halogens, Organic Compounds Comprising Oxygen, Hydrocarbons, Organic Compounds Comprising Nitrogen, Polymers.

JEE syllabus for Mathematics:  Complex Numbers, Linear Equations, Quadratic Equations, Sets, Relations, and Functions, Matrices and Determinants, Permutations and Combinations, Probability, Mathematical Induction, Application of Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series,  Limit Continuity, and Differentiability, Differential Calculus and Integral Calculus, Coordinate Geometry, Three Dimensional Geometry, Vector Algebra, Statistics, Probability Distribution, Trigonometry, and Mathematical Reasoning.

IIT JEE | Cut-off

Only those candidates who meet the specified JEE Main cutoff will be able to appear for the JEE Advanced IIT admissions test. Candidates will have access to the qualifying cutoff along with the JEE Main score. The JEE Main entry cutoff would be the minimum rank that must be obtained to have higher chances of entry to participating institutes. The cutoff on admission will be issued after each round of allocation by the JoSAA authorities. As the JEE Main cutoff is being planned, the authorities concerned will consider various factors relating to the study. It is worth remembering that the JEE Main cutoff would be different for each group, course, and college.

The JEE Advanced cutoff is given to students, as released via the brochure by IIT Delhi. JEE Advanced’s cutoff is the minimum marks that a candidate needs to score individually on all three subjects and also on average to qualify for selection in the specific rank list. Students who qualify based on the final JEE Advanced cutoff released after the result declaration will be qualified for admission in institutes that accept admission.

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